What You Should Know about Rat and their Infestation in Your Home
Rats are said to be very friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures that would make them cute as pets. Compared to gerbils and hamsters, they are less likely to bite, and so if your child is searching for a new pet, your good choice could be a domestic rat. On the other hand, wild rats are definitely not cute and their infestation is never a good thing. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.
There are many kinds of sub-species of rats, but the more common ones are the black and brown rats. Coming from Asia are the so-called old world rats which are small, but their relatives found in your cities and towns are much bigger.
Just like humans, rats migrated around the world following soldiers and traders along trade routes between Asia and Europe. Rats were everywhere, hitching rides on ships, sailing between continents, and eventually you see them everywhere after a few centuries.
Just like many pests, rats are nature’s scavengers, and so the more food is available in a place, the more you will see them around. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Be warned that rats will also attack smaller animals if they cannot find food in their areas.
Rats have one main reason for being dreaded or scared of in the past centuries and this is because they spread disease. A disease in the past called the black death or the bubonic plague, was transmitted by rats which were infested with fleas, and because of this 25 million people perished in the Middle Ages.
Today, we have now a better understanding of the disease and thus an outbreak of the disease can be prevented. But, with rats still around, the spreading of disease is still possible, and thus we need to deal the situation as quickly as possible to prevent infestation.
One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
If you consume food or water which are contaminated by rats, you could get the disease called salmonella. Another fatal disease due to exposure to rat droppings or rat urine, is called hantavirus, and this is a fatal one. Another disease is called e-coli which is a very common infestation among the rat population and contaminated water and food could be a source of infection among humans.
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